A preposition is relating word stands before noun or pronoun to show its relation to any word of the sentence. Prepositions must be followed by a noun and have an object. They usually shouldn't be used at the end of a sentence.
Some of the rules of preposition are given below:
Prepositions – Place or Position
In - It is used to indicate a large place, position within
· He was born in Patna.
· Rakesh is not in the office.
On - It is used to indicate a surface, certain side The and borders
· The ball is on the table.
· Krishan lives on 12th Street.
· We played cricket on the field.
· It stands on the right of the village.
· Many poor people live on the island.
At - It is used to denote the small place.
· Please leave your key at the reception
· We stay at home now.
Outside - It is used to indicate a place on the outside of something
· My dog sleeps outside my room.
· We were walking around outside the airport.
Under - It is used to indicate the ground place or below the surface of something i.e. 3-dimensional objects.
· The ball is under the table.
· My fan is under my bed.
Below - It is used to indicate the below-ground place or the surface of something that is not directly under another.
· The fish lives below the surface.
· It below the sky.
Prepositions – Time or Position
In - It is used to indicate unspecific times and a certain period of time
· I will be free in the afternoon.
· He got the job in February.
· He will go in the summer.
On - It is used to indicate the specific date, specific day and holidays with day
· I will meet you on Sunday.
· He comes home on Monday Night.
· She was born on 12 January.
· My friend will give me something on the university day.
At - To indicate the specific time or point of time, date and holidays without day.
· I will meet him at 8.30 PM
· You had better leave at the moment/time.
· He comes to me at breakfast.
· She gives me a pen at Christmas.
· You can meet me at night.
Prepositions – Movement
From - It is used to indicate the initial position where the movement starts.
· We started our journey from Kolkata.
· We are flying from Chennai Airport.
To - It is used to indicate the desired position where the movement ends.
· He ended our journey to Chennai.
· We are flying to Delhi Airport.
Along - It is used to indicate movement which follows a line such as on-road, path, street, etc.
· He walked along the road.
· We often go fishing along the river bank.
Around - It is used to indicate movement in a circular direction
· He walked around the pond.
· We ran around the campus.
Across - It is used to indicate movement from one side of a place to another.
· He runs across the road.
· He walked across the street.
Through - It is used to indicate movement within a place or enclosed surface.
· We walk through the forest.
· I saw everything through the window.
Into - It is used to indicate movement to the inside from outside and changing conditions.
· He entered into the room.
· Water turns into vapor.
Out of - It is used to indicate movement to the outside from inside and no longer in specific condition.
· He came out of the campus.
· He is out of practice now.
Over - It is used to indicate movement or position at a higher level than something else.
· The bird flew over my head.
· The bus is passing over the bridge.
Under - It is used to indicate movement or position at a lower level than something else.
· The cat is playing under the table.
· The train is passing under the bridge.
Towards - It is used to indicate movement of something which gets closer to anything/object.
· The dog is walking towards me.
· She runs towards the notice board to see her result.
Away from - It is used to indicate movement of something which farther from anything/object
· The thief is running away from me.
· She is walking away from the classroom.
Up - It is used to indicate movement from a lower position to a higher position.
· She walked up the stairs.
· Monkey climbed up the tree.
Down - It is used to indicate movement from a higher position to a lower position.
· She was walking down the stairs.
· Nitesh climbed down the ladder.
Prepositions – Miscellaneous
By - It is used to describe besides, a way of communication, a way of traveling, a doer. Sometimes it used for time expression to express the deadlines.
· She sat by me.
· I went home by plane.
· I will pay your bill by Paytm.
· The letter is written by me.
· Please implement the project by next month.
With - It is used to describe being together, an instrument, containing. Sometimes it indicates someone's opinion and feeling.
· He is working with me.
· I wrote the letter with a beautiful pen.
· He married a girl with hazel eyes.
· I agree with your proposal.
· Sometimes I am fed up with my life.
For - It is used to indicates the period of time, purpose, reason, usage of something, etc.
· It has been raining for three days.
· I write a poem for you.
· We work for money and happiness.
· It is for the best interest.
· You are fired for breaking the rules.
Since- It is used to indicates the point of time.
· I watching tv since five o´clock.
· She lived here since 2000.
· I have been Delhi since Monday.
· I have been an English Tutor since 2018.
During - It is used to indicates the particular time period when something happens. It does not mean how long it happened.
· I fell asleep during the movie.
· I play cricket during the afternoon.
Between - It is used to indicates into space between which separates two objects.
· I divided the work between my two friends.
· The distance between Patna and Varanasi is not less.
Among - It is used to indicates the middle of something or surrounded by someone or something.
· She divided the mangoes among students.
· Sachin is very famous among his friends.
Against - It is used to indicates the opposing or disagreeing with somebody/something, touching someone/something.
· She is swimming against the wind.
· The bed was against the table.