Preposition, Learn English in india, Learn english

A preposition is relating word stands before noun or pronoun to show its relation to any word of the sentence. Prepositions must be followed by a noun and have an object. They usually shouldn't be used at the end of a sentence.

Some of the rules of preposition are given below:

Prepositions – Place or Position

In - It is used to indicate a large place, position within

·         He was born in Patna.

·         Rakesh is not in the office.


On - It is used to indicate a surface, certain side The and borders

·         The ball is on the table.

·         Krishan lives on 12th Street.

·         We played cricket on the field.

·         It stands on the right of the village.

·         Many poor people live on the island.


At - It is used to denote the small place.

·         Please leave your key at the reception

·         We stay at home now.


See also : Daily Use English Phrases

Outside - It is used to indicate a place on the outside of something

·         My dog sleeps outside my room.

·         We were walking around outside the airport.


Under - It is used to indicate the ground place or below the surface of something i.e. 3-dimensional objects.

·         The ball is under the table.

·         My fan is under my bed.


Below - It is used to indicate the below-ground place or the surface of something that is not directly under another.

·         The fish lives below the surface.

·         It below the sky.


Prepositions – Time or Position

In - It is used to indicate unspecific times and a certain period of time

·         I will be free in the afternoon.

·         He got the job in February.

·         He will go in the summer.


On - It is used to indicate the specific date, specific day and holidays with day

·         I will meet you on Sunday.

·         He comes home on Monday Night.

·         She was born on 12 January.

·         My friend will give me something on the university day.


At - To indicate the specific time or point of time, date and holidays without day.

·         I will meet him at 8.30 PM

·         You had better leave at the moment/time.

·         He comes to me at breakfast.

·         She gives me a pen at Christmas.

·         You can meet me at night.


Prepositions – Movement

From - It is used to indicate the initial position where the movement starts.

·         We started our journey from Kolkata.

·         We are flying from Chennai Airport.


To - It is used to indicate the desired position where the movement ends.

·         He ended our journey to Chennai.

·         We are flying to Delhi Airport.


Along - It is used to indicate movement which follows a line such as on-road, path, street, etc.

·         He walked along the road.

·         We often go fishing along the river bank.


Around - It is used to indicate movement in a circular direction

·         He walked around the pond.

·         We ran around the campus.


Across - It is used to indicate movement from one side of a place to another.

·         He runs across the road.

·         He walked across the street.


Through - It is used to indicate movement within a place or enclosed surface.

·         We walk through the forest.

·         I saw everything through the window.


Into - It is used to indicate movement to the inside from outside and changing conditions.

·         He entered into the room.

·         Water turns into vapor.


Out of - It is used to indicate movement to the outside from inside and no longer in specific condition.

·         He came out of the campus.

·         He is out of practice now.


Over - It is used to indicate movement or position at a higher level than something else.

·         The bird flew over my head.

·         The bus is passing over the bridge.


Under - It is used to indicate movement or position at a lower level than something else.

·         The cat is playing under the table.

·         The train is passing under the bridge.


Towards - It is used to indicate movement of something which gets closer to anything/object.

·         The dog is walking towards me.

·         She runs towards the notice board to see her result.


Away from - It is used to indicate movement of something which farther from anything/object

·         The thief is running away from me.

·         She is walking away from the classroom.


Up - It is used to indicate movement from a lower position to a higher position.

·         She walked up the stairs.

·         Monkey climbed up the tree.


Down - It is used to indicate movement from a higher position to a lower position.

·         She was walking down the stairs.

·         Nitesh climbed down the ladder.


Prepositions – Miscellaneous

By - It is used to describe besides, a way of communication, a way of traveling, a doer. Sometimes it used for time expression to express the deadlines.

·         She sat by me.

·         I went home by plane.

·         I will pay your bill by Paytm.

·         The letter is written by me.

·         Please implement the project by next month.


With - It is used to describe being together, an instrument, containing. Sometimes it indicates someone's opinion and feeling.

·         He is working with me.

·         I wrote the letter with a beautiful pen.

·         He married a girl with hazel eyes.

·         I agree with your proposal.

·         Sometimes I am fed up with my life.


For - It is used to indicates the period of time, purpose, reason, usage of something, etc.

·         It has been raining for three days.

·         I write a poem for you.

·         We work for money and happiness.

·         It is for the best interest.

·         You are fired for breaking the rules.


Since- It is used to indicates the point of time.

·         I watching tv since five o´clock.

·         She lived here since 2000.

·         I have been Delhi since Monday.

·         I have been an English Tutor since 2018.


During - It is used to indicates the particular time period when something happens. It does not mean how long it happened.

·         I fell asleep during the movie.

·         I play cricket during the afternoon.


Between - It is used to indicates into space between which separates two objects.

·         I divided the work between my two friends.

·         The distance between Patna and Varanasi is not less.


Among - It is used to indicates the middle of something or surrounded by someone or something.

·         She divided the mangoes among students.

·         Sachin is very famous among his friends.


Against - It is used to indicates the opposing or disagreeing with somebody/something, touching someone/something.

·         She is swimming against the wind.

·         The bed was against the table.